Civil War Louisiana (CWLA)

Civil War Louisiana (CWLA)
CWLA seeks to provide an online resource of any and all material of the Civil War relating to Louisiana with a special interest in the war in Acadiana in southwest Louisiana.

Monday, July 16, 2012

5th Louisiana on the Peninsula

From a New York Times article printed May 26, 1862. It is in reference to George B. McClellan's push up the peninsula toward Richmond in early 1862. This story mentions the 5th Louisiana Infantry and thus has made it to this blog. I've edited the article's numerous topics to the small piece mentioning the 5th Louisiana.

The driving of the rebels from the vicinity of New-Bridge by our artillery, yesterday, was followed up to-day by a movement wholly unexpected to our adversaries.
A reconnoissance, composed of the Fourth Michigan Regiment, Col. WOODBURY, and a squad of the Second Cavalry, Capt. GORDON, was made, which is worthy of special mention. Five companies of the Fourth Michigan, under BOWEN, of the Topographical Engineers, and Lieut. CUSTER, of the Fifth Cavalry, acting with the Topographical Corps, crossed the Chickahominy a short distance above New-Bridge. A small command of 30 men, of the Fourth Michigan, succeeded in getting between four companies of the Fifth Louisiana Regiment, who were out on picket duty at the Bridge, and a brigade of the enemy who were supporting them.
In the meantime, the rest of the regiment and the squadrons of cavalry approached the bridge from this side, thus attracting the attention of the four Louisiana Companies. The first knowledge the rebels had of the near presence of an enemy, was the firing from thirty muskets at pistol-shot range, making havoc in the ranks and causing a serious panic, while the main body advanced in front and opened a deadly fire.
The result was that 31 of the enemy were taken prisoners, 15 wounded, and between 60 and 70 left dead on the field. Among the prisoners was a lieutenant.
The casualties on our side were 1 killed, 1 mortally and 6 slightly wounded. Lieut. BOWEN had his horse shot under him during the skirmish.

Friday, July 13, 2012

Louisiana Commission at Gettysburg, 1894

This below article was graciously contributed by Dr. Terry Jones.

On November 20, 1894, the newspaper Gettysburg Compiler reported that a delegation of Louisiana Confederate veterans had arrived in town to help the Gettysburg National Park Commission locate the positions the Louisiana troops occupied during the battle.  The Louisiana veterans were the first state delegation to begin work with the commission.  The veterans included Pvt. Eugene H. Levy of the Donaldsonville Artillery; Capt. Andrew J. Hero of the Washington Artillery; Lt. Col. David Zable of the 14th Louisiana; Sgt. Hugh H. Ward of the 7th Louisiana; Corpl. Albert M. Levy of the Louisiana Guard Battery; and Sgt. Maj. C. L. C. Dupuy of the Washington Artillery.  The Louisianians worked with John B. Bachelder, who devoted his life to studying and preserving the battlefield, and park commissioner Major William Robbins of the 4th Alabama and commission chairman Brevet Lt. Col. John P. Nicholson of the 28th Pennsylvania.


Louisianaa the first to Send a Commission

As reported in our last, the Louisiana Commission, to locate positions of their troops on this battlefield, arrived on Wednesday, the party being composed of Eugene Levy, And. Hero, David Zable, H. H. Ward, A. M. Levy and C. L. C. Dupuy, and quartering at the Eagle.  Col. Bachelder and Major Robbins, of the Government Commission, the same afternoon with the visitors, started on a tour of the Field, covering not only the positions of the commands they represented
but the general movements of both armies.  Col. Nicholson of the Commission was also with them during part of their visit.

Louisiana had in this engagement 10 regiments, 5 each in Hays' and Nichols’ brigades, besides 7 batteries.  In locating their positions the party drove out the Harrisburg road and a veteran of Green's battery, Louisiana Guard artillery, quickly recognized their position on the edge of a strip of woods on the southeast side of the road, beyond the Bender farm.  This elevated site enabled the party to recognize the ground occupied by the troops of Hays' brigade of infantry and Jones' battalion of artillery.  Two of the rifled cannon of Green's battery were added to Gen. Wade Hampton's cavalry and participated in the battle near Hunterstown and also in the cavalry fight on the Rummel farm.  The infantry brigade of Hays supported and followed Gen. Gordon's
brigade and formed on East Middle street, connecting with Hoke's brigade, which extended to the Culp buildings.  On the night of the 2d Hays' brigade moved out of town and attacked the remnant of Barlow's division on East Cemetery Hill.

The party drove out Baltimore street, and along the Winebrenner lane, where a representative of Hays' brigade recognized the point where the 7th Louisiana infantry crossed the lane, south of where the 75th Ohio infantry monument now stands.  One of the party reached the Ricketts guns and engaged in the hand-to-hand contest over these guns.

In order to locate the Nichols brigade regiments the party drove out the Bonneauville road to the old Daniel Lady farm, where Gen. Lee spent the night of July 1st, 1863.   Col. Zable, who commanded the 14th infantry, represented the brigade, and showed how they passed over the Christian Benner farm, crossed Rock creek and took position on the slope of Culp's Hill, about 150 feet below where the 29th [?] Ohio monument stands, recognizing the position by the rocks.
 They were in the engagements of the night of the 2d and morning of the 3d.  The above tours occupying Wednesday and Thursday.

On Friday the party visited the first day's operations, where Col. Levy described the movements of Maurin's battery of the Donaldson artillery.  They drove out the Chambersburg pike and placed the stake 300 yards south of Herr's tavern, on the crest of the ridge, where they relieved one of the batteries of Pegram's battalion.  They then drove to the lane back of the Theo. Seminary and turned to the right, passing the old Shultz property, and marked positions of 2d and 3d days in the open field in front of and a little to the north of Miss Maria Shultz's cottage.

The positions of Miller's battery, of Eshleman's New Orleans battalion, Washington artillery, were next visited.  This battery moved along the Ridge and bivouacked in the field in rear of Henry Spangler's woods.  During the night they moved to the Emmitsburg road with the other three batteries of the battalion.  They went into position in Sherly's orchard, east of the barn, 100 yards from the Emmitsburg road, the line of batteries extending across the Emmitsburg road at the Smith place, and continuing to and beyond the Rogers house.  This is the line of artillery which carried on the Confederate part of that terrific cannonading which preluded the Pickett charge, the two guns which opened it being under command of Lieut. And. Hero, and located in the Sherly orchard.

During their visit, which lasted until Saturday evening, the visitors were shown the new avenue being built along the Confederate line and expressed their admiration of the work.

Col. Bachelder has for years been advocating the marking of both lines of battle and through his efforts this first move in that direction has been made.  It is the confident expectation that others of the Confederate states will follow and thus complete the marking of this the most important battle of the late war.

Sunday, July 8, 2012

Louisiana C.S. Representative: Duncan F. Kenner

Louisiana C.S. Representative Duncan F. Kenner

Duncan F. Kenner was a member of the Louisiana Constitutional Conventions of 1845 and 1852. He was a planter that founded Ashland Plantation in Ascension Parish. He also had financial investments in six other plantations (Bowdon, Houmas, Hollywood, Hermitage, Fashion, and Roseland). He was also the brother-in-law of Richard Taylor. He served in the 1st and 2nd Confederate Congress as a C.S. Representative from the state of Louisiana until being sent on a secret mission to Britain and France to acquire peace by means of emancipation.

Duncan F. Kenner's obituary in the New York Times, July 4, 1887

Friday, July 6, 2012

Coppens' Zouave Battalion

Coppens' Zouave Battalion
Lt. Colonel George Coppens (seated) and brother, Captain Marie Alfred Coppens.Image sold at auction on Cowan Auctions, for $14,375